As with anything you use daily, over time there is going to be significant wear and tear. The same principle applies to your teeth. Practically everything you do requires the use of your teeth and your jaws.
Jaw pain is common among Calgarians and the wear and tear can cause TMJ disorder, or TMJD for short.
The type of Symptoms, the intensity, and the timing will vary with everyone. It is possible for there to be more ways a malocclusion affects the body than there are stars in the Milky Way.
A common TMJ problem is a “Locked Jaw”. This often happens when the soft tissue around the TMJ jams up its ability to move freely. It is kinda like a bunched up rug preventing a door from opening wide.
The way you bite may be the original cause of the jaw locking. Strain in the bite will affect the TMJ and over time may cause chronic issues like a locked jaw. The most common jaw locking is closed. But sometimes the jaw locks open. This is often because the jaw joint ligaments are too lax or too stretchy. People with genetic connective tissue disorders often have an issue with a jaw that locks open.
Locked Jaws can also develop with muscle spasms that prevent the jaw from moving. Even head/neck misalignment can cause a locked jaw. It is important for all of these issues to be assessed.
Time is of the essence. If your jaw locks, get it assessed as soon as you can. Even if it locks for a while, and then it is fine, have it checked. This could be a warning of problems to come. Some hope that all clicking and locking will go away with time but that can just indicate that function is lost and you cannot open as wide or freely.
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Structural stress, mental stress, physical stress elicit the same response in your body. You tighten up. Your muscles tense, your body stops moving as it should. Stress Sucks.
Many patients with stress complain of clenching and/or grinding their teeth. They may have been told they are too stressed and need to relax. Not an easy task. If you could relax you would not stress, right?
The problem is, while stress comes in many forms, it is not the only problem. While you may have “Stress” you probably also have “Strain”.
This physical strain within your body can happen due to unintentional misalignments of body structures. Misalignments happen due to growth issues, accidents, and activities. These misalignments require that your body accommodates its strain with your muscles, tendons, and ligaments. This accommodation within the body’s structures can be an important factor in clenching and grinding teeth and other TMJ disorders.
Did you know that you can clench and grind your teeth and be totally unaware of it until it causes you pain or it breaks a tooth? Clenching is used to stabilize the body by bringing the lower teeth into contact with the upper teeth. Teeth and jaws also come together each time we swallow (hundreds of times a day). If the alignment of teeth is imbalanced (a malocclusion), you have structural strain. This is why a dentist is able to provide a balanced bite analysis. It is an attempt to allow yourself to function without as much strain.
Let’s face it, telling yourself not to be stressed is not easy and may not be very effective. But willing away strain is not effective either. Understanding where the strain is present may allow you to have the proper Healthcare Provider help you. While TMJ function takes part of your head, all body systems can be affected. Treatment may be more effective if areas outside the care of a dentist are integrated.
When you have a misaligned jaw and a subsequent bad bite, the wear and tear on your teeth is significantly more rapid. The erosion of your teeth can lead to uneven tooth wear, loss of range of jaw motion, gum recession and various other symptoms – all connected to TMJ disorder or TMJD.
If you answered yes to even one of those questions, something isn’t right. A healthy and normal TMJ is quiet when it’s working it does not generate noise, limit mobility, or cause pain. During eating, chewing, singing, swallowing, talking, and even breathing – you should feel no discomfort or experience anything unusual.
The muscles that control your jaw should work in harmony, allowing you to open and close your mouth both smoothly and silently.
If you notice a constant clicking, popping, and snapping when you engage in everyday activities, something isn’t right. Clicking, popping and pain are indicators that your jaw joint may be unstable.
When your teeth bite in one spot but your muscles want your jaw to sit in another spot for balance and comfort, you develop tension within the jaw system. It is like a WAR, between the stable bite and the happiness of the soft structures like the jaw muscles and jaw joints.
Jaw misalignment and tooth wear greatly influence the appearance of your face. A poorly aligned jaw can create deterioration and breakdown of your teeth, slowly altering the shape of your face. While there are other problems like GERD and Diet, wear on front or back teeth can happen.
This can be distressing. Some have experienced new restorations suddenly snapping off due to constant grinding of the teeth. Some have had tooth roots fracture, causing the tooth to be lost.
That sounds like a ridiculous question. But dentists often see teeth that have been worn in such a way that unless you are using a nail file on them you must be causing excess wear by constantly grinding the upper and lower teeth together.
Now we assume that you are not using a nail file but the fact remains that teeth are showing too much wear. This is your body’s response to a misaligned bite (malocclusion). The wear on teeth is slow, you are consciously unaware of it. Often grinding your teeth is so common, you may feel that it is normal. And it is.
Whatever you do with your jaw on a routine basis becomes normal to you. That does not mean it is healthy. That tooth grinding can eventually destroy your teeth.
“I don’t think I grind my teeth” is a common comment from patients. But what the patients do not realize is that the grinding does not require conscious thought to happen. In fact, the grinding takes place due to a neural loop from the teeth to the brain stem and back to the muscles of the head and neck. This grinding happens at the same level as blinking your eyes or swallowing saliva. You do not have to be aware of it for it to happen.
Many patients mistakenly think that tooth wear takes place at night and never during the day. But in reality, our teeth touch during the day as well. This wear pattern is a daytime function happening below our conscious level.
Are your teeth chipping or getting loose? Imagine backing your car out of the driveway every morning and constantly bump the yard fence with your bumper. You don’t hit it hard but you hit it every day. What will happen with that fence? Well, at some point the fence will break.
Now imagine that you are banging your teeth day and night, just a little, but all the time. What will happen? The teeth will break or become loose over time. This constant banging of the teeth can be a long-term problem. In turn, it can damage your teeth, gum tissue and jaw bone.
You are one person, one body, connected from teeth to toes. You are also a complicated set of systems, all working in conjunction, at the same time to allow you to function and survive. Dental care is just one part of an overall healthy body.
Are you experiencing some of these problems … or worse, all of them? We encourage you to talk to Dr. Westersund about TMJD treatment options. Learn how we can help relieve your jaw pain and how TMJ treatments can improve your well being. Preventing serious issues caused by TMJD early is important for your health including Lockjaw symptoms. Schedule a consultation or call us at 403 262-9898 today